I must admit, I do own a fancy and also expensive bicycle, but it's not that important. Of course, my Paula is a hell of a nice ride, but for simply getting from A to B I can do with almost anything. For example, I still use my old mountain bike for many trips, especially when the road conditions are not so good. Does one really need many gears and fancy equipment?
Well, all our bikes are nothing compared to bicycles in India. Indian bicycles are very simple. The vast majority is exceedingly old, heavy and single speed. There are no lights nor reflectors installed. The saddle as well as the carrier are huge and seem comfy and stable, respectively. The most beautiful piece of an Indian bicycle is the big shiny bicycle bell. Fantastic!
The brakes are mostly rod brakes. As opposed to other rim brakes, when force is applied to the hand lever, the friction pads are pulled upwards against the inner surface (facing the hub) of the wheel rim. In Austria such brake systems can only be seen on vintage bicycles, but even there they are more than rare.
DIY-Locks are common. I particularly like the chain locks :-).
Apart from “normal bicycles”, rickshaws and special bikes for the transport of goods, I have also spotted several hand bikes (e.g., used by disabled people).